Tag Archives: Audit

WC Premiums and “Idle Time”

Wages paid to employees not actively working is nothing new. So how are wages handled for WC premiums if the employees aren’t actually working? Despite what many of us might think, determining what payrolls to charge for is not entirely to the carriers or auditors. This is actually up to the regulatory bodies in each state. For example, the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau specifically addresses “Idle Time” in their workers’ compensation manual.


Wages Paid for Idle Time a. The entire amount of wages paid for idle time shall be included as payroll. b. Wages paid for idle time due to the following causes shall be assigned in their entirety to the classification which applies to the work normally performed by the employee involved: 1. Suspension or delay of work on account of weather conditions. 2. Delays while waiting for materials. 3. Delays while waiting for another contractor to complete certain work. 4. Delays arising from breakdown of equipment. 5. “Stand-by” time where employees such as operators of cranes, hoists or other equipment are on the job but their active services are not required continuously. 6. Special union requirements or agreements between employer and employees calling for pay for idle time under specified circumstances. 7. Other cause of similar nature. c. Wages paid to key employees of construction, erection or stevedoring risks, such as superintendents, foremen or engineers, for periods during which no jobs are in progress, shall be assigned to the classification applicable to the work which each one normally performs. (Exception: Reference Strike Periods – Wages Paid.) d. The entire amount of wages paid for idle time to an employee engaged in work other than construction, erection or stevedoring must be assigned without division to the classification which normally applied to that employee.

OK, with that being said, what presumably wasn’t expected when this was written was what we’re seeing today with COVID-19 and the federal assistance that has come with it. Fast forward to today and your company has just received a PPP Loan- Congratulations, let’s hope we can keep our businesses alive until things get back to normal… One of the keys to the PPP loan is to use at least 75% of the loan for payroll, even if the employees aren’t actively working. Well regardless of what type of company you have or the rate for your WC, your most likely hoping to NOT pay WC premiums on wages made to employees not actually working… I don’t blame you. So you talk to your carrier, broker, or an auditor to get the answer. Depending where you are or when you asked you may not like what you hear.

As a result, regulatory bodies are working hard to find a solution for this new type of wage payment.

NCCI recognizes that the circumstances around COVID-19 were extraordinary and, as a result, submitted an expedited rule change (Item Filing B-1441) to address the question of payroll for employees who are being paid but are not working as it relates to the basis of premium. Upon approval, this rule change will be distinct from “idle time” under our current Basic Manual rules (Rule 2-F-1), and a corresponding code 0012 will be created for reporting these payments. These payments will not be used in the calculation of premium.

The details of the rule changes proposed in Item Filing B-1441 were submitted to state regulators in all NCCI states.


Let’s start with the good news. Most states in the US have already approved a new classification code for payroll to be allocated for employees not working as a result of COVID-19 but still getting paid.

Disclaimer: This is an ever changing situation. Information is recorded as accurately as possible at the time posted. The information will continue to change and we’ll do our best to update accordingly. For the most accurate information check with your state rating bureau or commission.

Payroll during COVID-19 Code 0012 is approved in the following states as of May 4, 2020.






District of Columbia
















New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico



Ohio Employers are not required to report to BWC the wages paid to employees who are idle at home because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Ohio is not using code 0012.

Pennsylvania – Just approved the exclusion of wages per circular released 5/5/2020. PA doesn’t use the same classification system, code 0012 is not applicable. PCRB CIRCULAR NO. 1740

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota




West Virginia


To date (5/4/2020) the following states have not made an exception to the exclude wages paid for employees not working during COVID-19, or the exception just isn’t approved yet:


California – The WCIRB is working to determine the scope of any emergency regulatory changes to be proposed to the California Insurance Commissioner. We anticipate completing this time sensitive effort within the next few weeks. Approval is in the works in California- https://www.wcirb.com/content/wcirb-july-1-2020-special-regulatory-filing






New York

North Carolina- Pending Approval



Virginia- Pending



Even if you find yourself in one of the states on the second list, it’s highly recommended you record any payroll made to employees not actively working- OR ANY other payroll abnormalities due to COVID-19. There may be options available come policy audit and it’s easier to have the breakouts done prior to the audit than trying to go back and recreate the records.

Many of the states have legislation pending, even if it’s not found on the commission or bureau site at this time. Track it so if it is approved, you don’t pay WC premiums where you shouldn’t have to!

Audits and your Liability Policy

A common topic of discussion is the workers’ comp audit.   Either through the horror stories of friends or self experience, you’ve heard the terrible tale of the large comp audit.   You’re now keenly tuned in to the payrolls and exposures on your work comp policy vowing never to let this happen to your organization again (or ever)!

Perhaps you’ve even transitioned to a “pay as you go” program to virtually eliminate the chance of an audit bill.

But… and there always seems to be a but.  What about your liability policy?  While you find yourself plugging the holes in one area, don’t forget the GL policy is often  an auditable policy like the WC.   Don’t make the mistake of assuming that since you’ve notified your carrier or broker of accurate payrolls for the workers’ compensation policy, those same updates translated to your liability policy!  You might be surprised to learn otherwise and we already know, that’s rarely a good thing.

Keep track of your liability policy exposures just as you do on the WC!

Big Changes with non-compliant Audits!

Ever thought of not complying with your work comp insurance audit? In years past failure to comply with an audit might have caused an estimated audit with exposures inflated by 50% and some carriers were forgiving enough to process non compliant audits with no additional payroll increases.  With the new changes you may want to reconsider unless you’re ready for a potential 200% increase in exposures!

Does your policy have the endorsement WC 00 04 24?


2016-14:  Audit Noncompliance Charge for WC Policies

NCCI has established an Audit Noncompliance Charge Endorsement (WC 00 04 24) that will be included on all new and renewal workers’ compensation policies effective January 1, 2017.  The endorsement enables an insurance carrier to apply an Audit Noncompliance Charge to a workers’ compensation policy if the policyholder does not comply with the annual premium audit of their records.  When attached to policies, the endorsement will include the estimated annual payroll (in the Basis of Audit Noncompliance Charge section) and the annual premium multiplier that may be applied for noncompliance (in the Maximum Audit Noncompliance Charge Multiplier section).