Category Archives: Price Matters

Uncovering Loss Cost Multipliers

I’d written previously about knowing your carriers LCM and why that’s important to you.  If you don’t know what it is, start HERE

If you’re ready for step two, I’m sharing links to the various states LCM’s.  These aren’t always easy to find and some states deliberately don’t publish them.  In some instances, the link will go directly to a list, others will involve another step or two to complete the search.

Note, even if the list is dated as you’ll see in some jurisdictions, even if the filed LCM has changed slightly, it’s most likely the order of the pricing tier remains accurate.  For example, if a carrier has 5 pricing tiers in a state and you’re in the highest, even if the LCM has changed slightly, it’s still most likely that carriers highest rated pricing tier.

Continue reading Uncovering Loss Cost Multipliers

the officer minimum

The insurance audit…

Rarely do we hear great stories about insurance audits. Seems policyholders often find some unpleasant rules post audit. One of them is the officer minimum payroll. As insurance brokers or agents, of course we tend to think it’s a good practice to INCLUDE yourself on the WC policy for a host of reasons. After all, you know the rate, so it should be relatively easy calculate the total cost to include yourself or your ownership team in coverage.


Then comes the audit. It’s only your first year in business and the agent persuaded you take the safe road and include yourself in coverage. After all, maybe you don’t have a health plan, you are actively working in the field, it’s the right call. You had anticipated paying yourself a modest income during the first few years of business if you could afford it, but really the first six months, it’s all hustle and no compensation to yourself. Of course, the goal is to make more, but step one is making the business profitable above all else. Your first 12 months are in the books and you only paid yourself $21,000.

The WC rate was $2.20.

$2.20 times your salary (WC rates are charged per $100 in payroll) gives you a final estimated premium for yourself of $462.

The audit bill comes in with an additional premium of $1,544.40 for JUST YOU as a single owner. What gives? You request the audit worksheets and the auditor shows your paryoll as $70,200!

Welcome to the officer minimum.

That’s right. There’s a minimum payroll in almost every state for Workers’ Compensation coverage for sole proprietors, corporate officers, LLC members, and partnerships. These minimums have gone up considerably in many states across the country. Again, what you don’t know can hurt you and throw your insurance premiums estimates out the window! To compound the pain, audits typically occur just after the policy renewal which may have had some hefty down payments.

See the table below for the breakdown. Take note, many states increase these figures annually! Know the details BEFORE it’s time for the audit, unless of course you don’t mind the additional premium surprises.

Alabama54,600213,20053,400 Flat3/1/2023
Alaska31,200119,60038,800 Flat1/1/2023
Arizona *******62,400249,60061,933 Max1/1/2023
Arkansas52,000202,80051,100 Flat7/1/2023
Californiaw57,200149,500149,500 Max9/1/2022
Colorado70,200 Flat70,200 Flat70,200 Flat1/1/2023
Connecticut78,000156,00078,500 Flat1/1/2023
Delaware ******64,168257,400257,400 Max12/1/2022
District of Columbia85,800338,00084,800 Flat11/1/2022
Florida*57,200171,60057,100 Flat1/1/2023
Georgia62,400254,80063,200 Flat3/1/2023
Hawaii52,000208,00051,600 Flat1/1/2023
Idaho46,800187,20023,600 Flat1/1/2023
Illinois67,600270,40067,700 Flat1/1/2023
Indiana46,800223,600223,600 Max1/1/2023
Iowa26,000218,400218,400 Max1/1/2023
Kansas52,000213,20053,000 Flat1/1/2023
Kentucky52,000202,80050,800 Flat1/1/2023
Louisiana54,600161,20053,400 Flat5/1/2023
Maine54,600213,20053,900 Flat4/1/2023
Maryland70,200280,80069,600 Flat1/1/2023
Massachusetts14,56073,32064,300 Max10/1/2022
Michigan30,264119,60023,900 Flat1/1/2023
Minnesota66,924267,696267,696 Max1/1/2023
Mississippi44,200145,60043,000 Flat3/1/2023
Missouri51,700 Flat51,700 Flat51,700 Flat1/1/2023
Montana*****10,40075,92075,920 Max7/1/2023
Nebraska52,000202,80051,100 Flat2/1/2023
Nevada **6,00036,0003,600 Flat1/7/1999
New Hampshire ****36,400286,00035,900 Flat1/1/2023
New Jersey41,080163,800163,800 Max1/1/2023
New Mexico52,000202,80051,300 Flat1/1/2023
New York *45,500135,200135,200 Max10/1/2022
North Carolina57,200114,40055,900 Flat4/1/2023
Oklahoma49,400197,60049,600 Flat1/1/2023
Oregon70,200275,60068,900 Flat1/1/2023
Pennsylvania******62,660156,000156,000 Max4/1/2023
Rhode Island59,800239,200Not Applicable8/1/2022
South Carolina26,000202,80050,100 Flat4/1/2023
South Dakota49,400192,40048,600 Flat7/1/2002
Tennessee ***57,200234,00058,300 Flat3/1/2023
Texas7,80062,40072,300 Flat7/1/2023
Utah59,800234,00058,800 Flat1/1/2023
Vermont28,600223,60027,800 Flat4/1/2023
Virginia33,800135,20067,100 Flat4/1/2023
West Virginia49,400197,60049,800 Flat11/1/2022
Wisconsin18,09690,42860,268 Flat10/1/2022

* FL Construction MIN 28,600; NY Construction codes MAX: 87,786. ** NV Sole proprietor or partner electing higher benefits: $21,600. *** TN Construction codes MIN $28,600; MAX $85,800. **** NH Officers of unincorporated assoc. MIN 18,200, MAX 145,600. *****MT Individual & Partner MIN $10,800 ****** DE for Individuals or Partners not on payroll MIN $64,170.08; PA for Individuals or Partners not on payroll MIN $66,196. ******* AZ Individual & Partner Min $7,200
State requires a signed waiver for officers to be excluded from coverage.

when do i actually qualify for an experience modification rating?

A. Premium Eligibility

1. Premium

a. Subject Premium

(Additional Rules: FLTX)

A risk’s eligibility for this Plan is based on the amount of subject premium as defined in Rule 1-C-7. Refer to Rule 2-A-2 and the State Table of Subject Premium Eligibility Amounts to determine premium eligibility for a specific risk.

b. Not Subject to Experience Rating

According to the Statistical Plan, some premium elements are not subject to experience rating. Premium may be charged for these elements under the standard policy. This premium is not:

   •    Subject to increase or decrease by an experience rating modification factor •    Used to determine premium eligibility for experience rating as detailed in Rule 2-A-2 •    Used in the calculation of an experience rating modification, unless otherwise stated in this Plan or the Basic Manual

2. State Subject Premium Eligibility Amounts

(Exceptions: MA, TX)

(Additional Rules: OR)

A risk qualifies for experience rating when its subject premium, developed in its experience period, meets or exceeds the minimum eligibility amount shown in the State Table of Subject Premium Eligibility Amounts in Rule 2-A-2-c. Refer to Rule 2-E-1 to determine a risk’s experience period.

   a.    A risk qualifies for experience rating if its data within the most recent 24 months of the experience period develops a subject premium of at least the amount shown in Column A. b.    A risk may not qualify according to Rule 2-A-2-a. If it has more than the amount of experience referenced in Rule 2-A-2-a, then to qualify for experience rating the risk must develop an average annual subject premium of at least the amount shown in Column B. Refer to Rule 2-A-3 to determine average annual subject premium. c.    A risk’s rating effective date determines the applicable Column A and Column B subject premium eligibility amounts required to qualify for experience rating. Refer to Rule 2-B for rating effective date determination.   State Table of Subject Premium Eligibility Amounts State Rating Effective Date Column A ($) Column B ($) AK 7/1/22 and after 5,500 2,750 7/1/21–6/30/22 5,500 2,750 7/1/20–6/30/21 5,500 2,750 AL 9/1/22 and after 11,500 5,750 9/1/21–8/31/22 11,000 5,500 9/1/20–8/31/21 11,000 5,500 AR 1/1/22 and after 9,000 4,500 1/1/21–12/31/21 9,000 4,500 1/1/20–12/31/20 8,500 4,250 AZ 7/1/22 and after 7,000 3,500 7/1/21–6/30/22 7,000 3,500 7/1/20–6/30/21 6,500 3,250 CO 7/1/22 and after 10,000 5,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 9,500 4,750 7/1/20–6/30/21 9,000 4,500 CT 7/1/22 and after 12,500 6,250 7/1/21–6/30/22 12,000 6,000 7/1/20–6/30/21 11,500 5,750 DC 5/1/22 and after 8,500 4,250 5/1/21–4/30/22 8,000 4,000 5/1/20–4/30/21 8,000 4,000 FL 7/1/22 and after 12,000 6,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 11,500 5,750 7/1/19–6/30/21 11,000 5,500 GA 9/1/22 and after 12,000 6,000 9/1/21–8/31/22 11,500 5,750 9/1/20–8/31/21 11,000 5,500 HI 7/1/22 and after 6,000 3,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 6,000 3,000 7/1/20–6/30/21 5,500 2,750 IA 7/1/22 and after 9,000 4,500 7/1/21–6/30/22 8,500 4,250 7/1/20–6/30/21 8,500 4,250 ID 7/1/22 and after 7,000 3,500 7/1/21–6/30/22 7,000 3,500 7/1/20–6/30/21 7,000 3,500 IL 7/1/22 and after 12,000 6,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 11,500 5,750 7/1/20–6/30/21 11,000 5,500 IN 7/1/22 and after 6,000 3,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 5,500 2,750 7/1/20–6/30/21 5,500 2,750 KS 7/1/22 and after 9,000 4,500 7/1/21–6/30/22 8,500 4,250 7/1/20–6/30/21 8,500 4,250 KY 7/1/22 and after 12,000 6,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 11,500 5,750 4/1/20–6/30/21 11,000 5,500 LA 11/1/22 and after 11,000 5,500 11/1/21–10/31/22 11,000 5,500 11/1/20–10/31/21 10,500 5,250 MD 7/1/22 and after 11,500 5,750 7/1/21–6/30/22 11,500 5,750 7/1/20–6/30/21 11,000 5,500 ME 10/1/22 and after 11,000 5,500 10/1/21–9/30/22 10,500 5,250 10/1/20–9/30/21 10,000 5,000 MO 7/1/22 and after 8,500 4,250 7/1/21–6/30/22 8,000 4,000 7/1/20–6/30/21 7,500 3,750 MS 9/1/22 and after 10,000 5,000 9/1/21–8/31/22 10,000 5,000 9/1/20–8/31/21 9,500 4,750 MT 1/1/22 and after 10,000 5,000 1/1/21–12/31/21 10,000 5,000 1/1/20–12/31/20 10,000 5,000 NC 4/1/22 and after 12,000 6,000 4/1/21–3/31/22 11,500 5,750 4/1/19–3/31/21 11,000 5,500 NE 8/1/22 and after 7,000 3,500 8/1/21–7/31/22 7,000 3,500 8/1/20–7/31/21 7,000 3,500 NH 7/1/22 and after 13,500 6,750 7/1/21–6/30/22 13,000 6,500 7/1/20–6/30/21 12,500 6,250 NM 7/1/22 and after 10,500 5,250 7/1/21–6/30/22 10,000 5,000 7/1/20–6/30/21 9,500 4,750 NV 9/1/22 and after 7,000 3,500 9/1/21–8/31/22 7,000 3,500 9/1/20–8/31/21 6,500 3,250 OK 7/1/22 and after 11,500 5,750 7/1/21–6/30/22 11,000 5,500 7/1/20–6/30/21 10,500 5,250 OR 7/1/22 and after 6,000 3,000 7/1/21–6/30/22 6,000 3,000 7/1/20–6/30/21 5,500 2,750 RI 2/1/22 and after 11,500 5,750 2/1/21–1/31/22 11,000 5,500 2/1/20–1/31/21 11,000 5,500 SC 8/1/22 and after 10,500 5,250 10/1/21–7/31/22 10,000 5,000 10/1/20–9/30/21 10,000 5,000 SD 1/1/22 and after 9,000 4,500 1/1/21–12/31/21 8,500 4,250 1/1/20–12/31/20 8,500 4,250 TN 9/1/22 and after 10,500 5,250 9/1/21–8/31/22 10,500 5,250 9/1/20–8/31/21 10,000 5,000 UT 7/1/22 and after 8,500 4,250 7/1/21–6/30/22 8,000 4,000 7/1/20–6/30/21 8,000 4,000 VA 10/1/22 and after 8,000 4,000 10/1/21–9/30/22 8,000 4,000 10/1/20–9/30/21 7,500 3,750 VT 10/1/22 and after 9,500 4,750 10/1/21–9/30/22 9,000 4,500 10/1/20–9/30/21 9,000 4,500 WV 5/1/22 and after 10,500 5,250 5/1/21–4/30/22 10,500 5,250 5/1/20–4/30/21 9,500 4,750

3. Average Annual Subject Premium

Determine a risk’s average subject premium on an annual basis for experience rating eligibility purposes as follows:

Total Subject Premiumx12=Average Annual Subject Premium
Total Months of Experience in Experience Period
(excluding gaps in coverage)

When the average annual subject premium is determined, refer to Column B in Rule 2-A-2 for premium eligibility requirements. The reference to total months of experience in this calculation includes partial months.

Start the clock… 3, 5, or 7 days before lost wage payments?

Check out this quick chart for answers on what the waiting period is in your state or province before lost wages kick in from workers’ compensation.

What is the retroactive period when an employee is able to recoup those first unpaid days?

How about who gets to direct care?

It varies by state.  The answers are here!

Continue reading Start the clock… 3, 5, or 7 days before lost wage payments?

Audits and your Liability Policy

A common topic of discussion is the workers’ comp audit.   Either through the horror stories of friends or self experience, you’ve heard the terrible tale of the large comp audit.   You’re now keenly tuned in to the payrolls and exposures on your work comp policy vowing never to let this happen to your organization again (or ever)!

Perhaps you’ve even transitioned to a “pay as you go” program to virtually eliminate the chance of an audit bill.

But… and there always seems to be a but.  What about your liability policy?  While you find yourself plugging the holes in one area, don’t forget the GL policy is often  an auditable policy like the WC.   Don’t make the mistake of assuming that since you’ve notified your carrier or broker of accurate payrolls for the workers’ compensation policy, those same updates translated to your liability policy!  You might be surprised to learn otherwise and we already know, that’s rarely a good thing.

Keep track of your liability policy exposures just as you do on the WC!

Comp rates continue to fall in Maryland and Nationally!

OK, some good news likely headed your way!  Many policy holders can expect some WC rate reduction again this year.

Here’s a notice just sent to Maryland brokers from Builders Mutual Insurance.

2018-01:  Maryland Workers’ Compensation Rate Changes

Effective March 1, 2018 and applicable to all new and renewal Workers’ Compensation policies, Builders Mutual Insurance Company is implementing NCCI’s January 1, 2018 revised loss costs for Maryland and revising the Company developed Loss Cost Multipliers. This change represents an overall rate decrease of 9.4% to our Builders Mutual book of business and a decrease of 9.5% to our Builders Premier book of business, however changes may vary by individual class.

In addition, maximum and minimum payroll amounts are:

Included officers minimum payroll – $54,600 per year (was $49,400)

Included officers maximum payroll – $218,400 per year (was $197,600)

Sole proprietor or partner (if elected coverage) – $54,700 per year (was $48,900)


Guarantee Insurance Co. in Liquidation!

On November 27, 2017, Guarantee Insurance Company (“GIC”) was ordered liquidated by the Second Judicial Circuit Court in Leon County, Florida. The Florida Department of Financial Services (“Department”) is the court appointed Receiver of GIC.

What does this mean to you?

Well, if you’re insured with Guarantee Insurance Co., it means you have a very short window to find a new insurance carrier!

Continue reading Guarantee Insurance Co. in Liquidation!

Be on the lookout!

Have you ever noticed a scheduled credit on your policy?  Ever wonder why it’s there?

Often times brokers are able to negotiate these on  your behalf, but sometimes the scheduled credits are adjusted based on the experience MOD changes.

Picture this…

It’s 2017 and you’re at the last year of your debit experience MOD of a 1.25.  Your current WC policy for that year has a scheduled credit of .80, easing some of the pain of your current debit MOD rating.  Your renewal policy comes in for 2018 with a new MOD of .78 and low and behold your scheduled credit is now a scheduled debit of 1.10.  What gives?   Virtually all of the premium savings you were expecting is gone!

Continue reading Be on the lookout!